|Description||:||Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus;
Reverse: Eagle standing on a thunderbolt of Zeus. The largest coins ever to circulate in Eretz Yisrael.
Under the Ptolemies, Egypt minted some extremely thick and heavy bronze coins, such as this ezample. Instead of placing the metal blank for the coin between dies and then striking the top die with a hammer, these monsters were produced using a screw press which brought down thousands of pounds of pressure on the metal. The Ptolemies ruled Egypt for 275 years until the suicide ot Cleopatra VII (the Cleopatra) and the last of the Ptolemies.
|Description||:||Obverse: Head of Ptolemy I;
Reverse: Eagle standing on a thunderbolt.
Another great achievement during Ptolemy II’s reign was the construction of the Pharos, a light-house reaching 440 ft. above a peninsula in Alexandria Harbour with a perpetual fire to guide the ships along the coast – one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
HOLY LAND TERRACOTTA PINCHED OIL LAMP
LACHISH TOMBS, 1200-800 BCE., TIME OF SAUL, DAVID, SOLOMON
|Description||:||Wheel-turned, fired shallow bowl with everted rim forming a flat ledge, with pinched area for wick, orange-red ware5 1/2″ diameter, 2″ high|
GREEK SILVER TETRADRACHM (32MM.)
ALEXANDER THE GREAT OF MACEDON 336-323 BCE
|Description||:||Obverse: Head of Hercules wearing a lion’s skin;
Reverse: Zeus enthroned holding an eagle on his outstretched palm and aceptre in other hand, with the name Alexander (in Greek) vertically to the right. MINT STATE.Under Alexander, Macedon became the greatest Empire known to history. Up until that time, the Kingdom eventually included Northern Africa, much of Asia Minor and Persia as well as Greece itself, with a combined population of some 20 million. Alexander established a common currency in the Empire, made Greek the official language, founded a number of cities and began to form a plan for the invasion of Carthage, the last vestige of Persian power. Whilwe at the pinnacle of success, Alexander overindulged at one of his banquets, dying prematurely at age 33. No one man seemed fit to rule the entire Empire and it was divided among his strongest generals, his dreams of a united Hellenistic Empire dying with him.